Cardiac Surgery was pioneered in this district at GKNM Hospital in 1974.In the late 70s open heart procedures were commenced with the closure of an atrial septal defect in a thirteen year old girl, who is well even today. The first mitral valve replacement was carried out on 28th May 1986. The first aortic valve replacement was done on 16th July 1986, the first double valve replacement on 23rd July 1986 and the first Tetralogy of Fallot on 30th July 1986. The first coronary artery bypass graft procedure was done on 19th Feb 1988 and became a routine procedure . The left internal mammary artery graft for coronary artery surgery was performed on 1st June 1990. Coronary Surgery for women who are known to have worse disease was also initiated. Complex procedures like coronary artery bypass graft surgery with valve replacement, aneurysm surgery and corrections like the Fontan's operation were performed. Surgery on infants and neonates was also started with the presence of Paediatric Cardiologists. The first minimally invasive coronary artery surgery (MICAS) was done on 16th November 1996. Arterial Grafts being better than venous grafts, the radial artery came to be harvested from 30th May 1997. Valve repair commenced in December 1995. The beginnings in thoracoscopy were also made and with three operating rooms and four surgeons with all support facilities, the numbers now stand at over 1500 cases per year. We have added the TEVAR – aneurysmal surgery using stents with Cardiology support and have done over 25 cases so far. This reduces the patient morbidity and mortality and has found wide acceptance with patients.
The department is recognised for DNB Post MS from 1990. Now the department conducts 6 year DNB Cardiothoracic course after MBBS for 2 candidates a year.
A speciality training certificate course in Cardiothoracic and Cardiology Nursing is offered by the department to Staff nurses.
Monthly mortality review and a weekly journal club are held. Hospital associated infections and quality indicators such as incidence of re-exploration, incidence of post CABG renal dysfunction, incidence of post CABG CVA among others are followed and analysed.
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Also contact Mrs. Shanthini, Mrs. Lilly Catherin Mary in 76048 93097